Frequently in our office we have patients come in thinking they have ingrown nails. Patients present with one or multiple thick, crumbly, yellow or darkened nails. This condition is called Onychomycosis which basically is a fungal infection of the nail. It is the most common disease of the nails and constitutes about a half of all nail abnormalities. Onychomycosis or fungal nails is present in about 6-8% of the population and is one of the more common concerns presented in our office. Risk factors for fungal nails include family history, increasing age, poor health, prior trauma, warm climate, participation in fitness activities, immunosuppression (e.g., HIV, drug induced), communal bathing, and occlusive footwear.
There are multiple ways to treat this condition ranging from paint on medication, medication by mouth and fungal nail laser.