Dr. Theall's Blog

Posts for tag: diabtes

By Dr. Bruce Theall
April 11, 2016
Category: Diabetes
Tags: neuropathy   poor circulation   diabtes  

In recent news, Phife Dawg of the hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest passed away at the young age of 45 due to complications from the long standing disease of diabetes.  Malik Izaak Taylor was born November 20, 1970, and left his mark on this earth as one of the most influential hip hop artists and was the founding member of the group A Tribe Called Quest.  A group that he and his fellow high school classmates Q-Tip and Ali Shaheed Muhammad, created in their youth.

Phife Dawg was diagnosed with type 2 Diabetes mellitus in May 1990, and has been battling with the disease ever since.  Diabetes is a complex, chronic disorder of carbohydrates, fat, and protein metabolism that results in a combination of glucose (sugar) over production and a high accumulation in the body.  Diabetes is a multiple systemic disease that can affect your nerves (neuropathy), eyes (retinopathy), and kidneys (nephropathy).  Your sugar can be best monitored with daily sugar checks and the hemoglobin A1c.  Hemoglobin A1c is a long term sugar test that will tell you how much sugar is circulating in your body over a period 3 months.  The higher the daily sugar, or the higher the A1c, the more sugar that is unable to leave your body.  Sugar leaves your body through sweat and urination and is also burned up with daily activity, however, kidney failure is a major side effect that can prove to be fatal from diabetes if not monitored and treated.  It should also be said that people with diabetes mellitus are 2 to 4 times more likely to have heart and vascular disease and almost 3 times as likely to have a stroke. 

Phife Dawg’s health was diminishing due to the long term elevated sugar levels from his uncontrolled diabetes.  He was placed on a kidney transplant list for the past couple years which was unsuccessful.  He then was placed on another transplant list and received a kidney from his wife in 2008.  The transplant was unsuccessful.  He was then again placed on another transplant list in 2012. Phife Dawg died on March 22, 2016 due to complications relating to the diabetes. 

A podiatrist is the only person that is trained in a specialized field in medicine for anything concerning the lower extremity, foot and ankle, that’s why it is vital for you to visit your podiatrist if there are any problems concerning your feet.  All patients being treated for diabetes should follow up with their primary doctor as well for other treatment options.  If there are any other questions feel free to contact Dr. Theall’s Gentle Touch Foot Care office for all your foot and ankle needs and concerns at 973 – 673 – 3668.

By Dr. Bruce Theall
March 25, 2016
Category: Foot Care
Tags: neuropathy   poor circulation   diabtes  

Now that those winter holidays are over, for many of us during that time is a special time of year when we can relax with family, travel and see some friends, buy and wrap gifts, and enjoying some home cooked holiday meals and treats.  It is important for all, not just diabetics, to be careful around the holiday time when choosing what to eat and more importantly how much to eat.

The holidays are typically filled with cookies, cakes, pies, doughnuts, pastries, brownies, and many more.  All of those which are filled with sugar and fat which can dramatically increase ones blood sugar, which is bad for diabetes.  Diabetes is the known as “starvation in the midst of plenty”, meaning that your body is telling you to eat more, but it already has an abundance of sugar, but you are consciously unaware.  This pertains not only to adults, but also children, which can cause Type 1- IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) or “juvenile onset” – accounts for 15-20% of cases, people who suffer from this are typically young, thin, and prone to acidosis.  With adults, Type 2- NIDDM (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus); “adult or mature onset” patients are usually obese and older.  This accounts for 90% of adults with DM are type 2 and 40-50% of new onset DM in children is Type 2 and it is estimated that about 20% of type 2 diabetics are taking insulin and is more common in African-American, and Hispanic cultures. 

Watching your weight during the holiday season can be difficult, but you must make sure that your BMI (body mass index) does not increase with the weight gain, which can be very important for diabetics because once there is added weight this contributes with more negative effects to diabetes.  The body mass index is a person's weight in kilograms, divided by the person's height squared and in meters.  A healthy body mass index is thought be anything below 25.  It is a calculated number from person's weight and height that can fairly reliable indicator of body fatness for most people, but it does not measure body fat directly, but research has shown that the BMI correlates to direct measures of body fat.  It is a screening tool to identify possible weight problems for adults but it is not a diagnostic tool. 

They key is to try to stay away from the sweets and candies of the holiday and substitute it with healthier alternatives such as natural fruits like apples, bananas, oranges, and more vegetables.  It may be very difficult to do so with temptation in front of you, but you must always think of your health first.  Portion control is the second most important thing you can do to protect yourself from unhealthy foods and to keep your diabetes from reaching serious complications from high sugar levels such as neuropathy, poor circulation, and ulceration.  Instead of eating a whole plate of food, eat a half of a plate.  If you are still hungry after the half plate, then eat some salad, which is must easier for the body to break down and use as energy. 

A podiatrist is the only person that is trained in a specialized field in medicine for anything concerning the lower extremity, foot and ankle, that’s why it is vital for you to visit your podiatrist if there are any problems concerning your feet.  All patients being treated for diabetes should follow up with their primary doctor as well for other treatment options.  If there are any other questions feel free to contact Dr. Theall’s Gentle Touch Foot Care office for all your foot and ankle needs and concerns at 973 673 - 3668.