Dr. Theall's Blog

Posts for tag: foot injury

How many times have you let something small turn into a much bigger problem than it ever needed to be? It’s time to break out of the habit of putting off warning signs for a later date, especially when it comes to foot injuries. Most foot conditions are treatable with no lasting side effects as long as treatment begins on time. In this blog, we’ll talk about the early signs of common foot injuries and how you can stop them before they start.



            All bunions start as a small bump. Sometimes it can be hard to differentiate between the natural curve of your big toe joint and the early stages of a bunion. However, the bunion could grow tremendously in the time you spend deciding, so look for these signs:

  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Shininess and warm to the touch

Wounds and Ulcers


            Diabetic patients already know the importance of maintaining strong foot health habits. Preventing wounds and ulcers is incredibly important because it can be the difference between living a healthy and active lifestyle or losing the ability to do the things you love. Watch out for wounds by looking for:     

  • Friction points in shoes
  • Discoloration on feet
  • Deteriorating skin on the sole of the foot

Ingrown Toenails


            Ingrown toenails start as small annoyances but can progress quickly, becoming infected and taking you off your feet entirely. The key is to catch them early on or stop them entirely before they start. You can do this by:

  • Cutting nails straight across and never ripping them
  • Redness around toenail
  • Swelling around toenail

So, as soon as you recognize any of these early signs, the best way to avoid creating a worse injury is to see your local foot doctor as soon as possible. If you’re located in Essex County or East Orange, NJ, come see Dr. Bruce Theall or Dr. Emad Youssef - DPM at Gentle Touch Foot Care. He and his friendly staff will evaluate your symptoms, make a diagnosis, and get you back to doing the things you love. Make an appointment online or call (973) 673-3668 today.

By Dr. Bruce Theall
October 24, 2012
Category: Running

According to Drishya Nair of Counsel & Heal, purchasing shoes that look nice or cost more doesn’t necessarily mean they are good to your foot health. Researchers from Loyola University Medical Center conducted a study, which consisted of marathon runners to determine if there is a link between foot injuries and ill-fitting shoes. According to the principal investigator of the study, Katherine Dux; most of these foot related injuriesare related to improper shoes, socks or training.    

Dux suggests buy their shoes during the latter half of the day; since their legs have much room for swelling walking has been done during the early part of the day. According to the article, runners usually seek treatment for injures like sprained ankles during a marathon. Wearing a shoe that does not fit properly can not only lead to foot pain or ankle pain, but serious foot injuries can occur if you try to exercise without the proper equipment. When beginning a new exercise regimen, such as running, it is recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist, like Dr. Bruce Theall of Gentle Touch Foot Care. Dr. Theall can not only provide you with recommendations for the appropriate footwear to use while running, but can also treat and care for all your foot injuries.

Choosing the Right Running Shoes for Your Foot Type

Running is a physical activity although fun, can put a lot of stress on the joints, bones and ligaments of the body. Injury and stress on the foot can be an important factor on which kind of shoe you’re wearing. Running shoes should be worn based on your foot type. It is important to find out what fits you based on cushioning, stability and motion.

Determining your type

Speak with a shoe specialist or retail professional to see what your foot type is. They will be able to identify and measure your arch type, stride and gait.

Running Mechanics

When you are running or walking in your shoes, every step determines how your foot is landing. Pronation is the natural rolling of your ankle from outside to inside during foot strike.

Pronation is a correct form of walking or running. It helps absorb shock and store energy from your lower extremities. Neutral runners who pronate correctly do not need specific shoes, since they have stability and control.


Those people who run with excessive ankle rolling. Over-pronators tend to have ankles that angle inward, flat feet, and or bowed legs. This can cause a series of injuries: of the knees, ankles and Achilles tendons. Finding a shoe with extra stability and control is vital to well-balanced walking and overall foot health.


Is less common than over-pronation. This usually happens to those who have inflexible feet and high arches. When the feet land, they are unable to roll inward. Even though there is less rotational stress on the ankles and knees, it prevents any kind of shock absorptions.  This can often lead to fractures, ligament tears and muscle strains. Under-pronations need shoes with increase in cushion and flexibility.

If you are unsure which shoes accommodate your feet, always speak to your foot specialist, or professional.

If you have any questions, please visit our video library or contact our office located in East Orange, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

By Dr. Bruce Theall
September 11, 2012
Category: Foot Surgery

The Buffalo Bills rookie cornerback Ron Brooks is recovering from foot surgery, and is expected to be placed on the injured reserve list this week. According to Bills coach Chan Gailey, Brooks had surgery last week after breaking a metatarsal bone in his foot during practice last week. Gaily is optimistic Brooks will recover and be back again. “"They said it went extremely well, so we'll see where this takes us from here," Gailey said.

Foot may be necessary to correct a severe foot deformity or injury like the case of Brooks.   However, it is important to carefully consider all treatment options before choosing a surgical treatment. If you are experiencing foot or ankle pain and are considering surgery, you should see a podiatrist like Dr. Bruce Theall of Gentle Touch Foot Care. We will examine your injury and work with you to decide if surgery is the best treatment for your pain.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to help with the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary are:

  • Removing foot deformities like bone spurs and bunions
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Reconstruction to attend injuries caused by accidents or malformations

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will be dependent on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Nerve removal for painful nerve endings

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, when it is undertaken, if can provide more complete pain relief than before, and may allow you to finally resume full activity. Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Such techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions, please visit our video library or feel free to contact our office located in East Orange, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.